ResearchSEA Content Notification : Diversity of Malaysian Bamboo

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ResearchSEA Content Notification – News update

Diversity of Malaysian Bamboo
Institution: Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
Summary: Nazlin Asari of UiTM Shah Alam Malaysia studied the diversity of bamboo in the Pahang National Park, Malaysia.

What a wildly variegated species bamboo is. The sturdy yellow bamboo is pictured swaying gracefully next to the lean apple green. Both are bamboo, both strong but how remarkable that the two of different loveliness belong to the same species.

The grace and strength, fast-growing and durable, made bamboo still useful in some parts of Malaysia, and the world. It is still in fashion for home, painting, décor, cooking and dining. It’s influence also sways into languages. If the Chinese proverb says the taller the bamboo grows, the lower it bends, the Malay says – if one is to bend bamboo, do so when it is a shoot.

Culturally and scientifically, there is a need to preserve bamboo. To do so, the management of forest ecosystem requires field assessment to know the distribution of bamboo species. Thus Nazlin Asari of UiTM Shah Alam Malaysia studied the composition, distribution pattern and diversity of bamboo in 3 locations in the Pahang National Park, 25km north of Kuala Tahan in the state of Pahang.

The data collected in this study included the species, diameter at breast height (DBH), height, number of culms, size of clump and internodes length. Five species of bamboo grow in this area. These are Gigantochloa scortechinii (Buluh semantan), Schizostachyum brachycladum (Buluh lemang), S. latifolium (Buluh nipis), S. grande (Buluh semeliang) and Bambusa vulgaris (Buluh aur).

The clump size data were measured by the size around the clump. Clump height was estimated via the average height of all stems in a clump. This is done by measuring the height of a representative shoot. Number of culms per clump was estimated by the number of stems in each clump. The internodes length was measured by the length from one node to the adjacent node of randomly selected stems per clump. The DBH was measured by stem diameter.

Analysis of data was performed by Statistical Analysis System (SAS). Significance tests for the means of DBH, height, number of culms per clump, clump size and internodes length among the three locations were undertaken by analysis of variance (ANOVA). When the statistical significance in the means of parameters were obtained, Duncan’s multiple range test was used to compare the means of variables.

Nazlin and team found that that the means of DBH, height, number of culms, size of clump size and internodes length of bamboo are 5.3 cm, 10.9 m, 33 culms, 7.0 m, 49.2 cm, respectively. The Shannon-Weiner index of bamboo in this area was relatively low (1.07).

Fifty bamboo clumps were recorded in the study area. They were five bamboo species. The most dominant species is Gigantochloa scortechinii (30 clumps), followed by Schizostachyum brachycladum (14 clumps), S. grande (4 clumps), S. latifolium (2 clumps) and Bambusa vulgaris (1 clump).

This supports another study conducted in Malaysia which reported …..

Read More…http://www.researchsea.com/html/article.php/aid/6226/cid/1?

Researcher contacts:

Nazlin Asari
Faculty of Applied Sciences
Centre for Biodiversity and Sustainable Development
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam
Malaysia
nazlinasari(at)yahoo.com

Mohd Nazip Suratman
Faculty of Applied Sciences
Centre for Biodiversity and Sustainable Development
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam
Malaysia
nazip(at)salam.uitm.edu.my

 

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